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Is the higher the cotton count, the better?

December 18,2023

Is the higher the cotton count, the better? What are the uses of 40-count, 60-count, and 80-count cotton? This is a problem that many consumers encounter when purchasing cotton textiles. This article will answer these questions for everyone from three aspects: the concept, characteristics and scope of application of cotton count.

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The meaning and difference of cotton count:

Cotton  is a natural fiber that is widely used in making clothing, bedding, etc. Cotton count refers to how many feet (304.8 meters) of length can be spun from one pound (453.6 grams) of cotton yarn. That is to say, the higher the count, the finer, denser and quality the yarn. The better. Generally speaking, cotton with a count of less than 40 is called roving, and cotton with a count of more than 40 is called fine yarn. Spun yarn is divided into ordinary spun yarn (40-80 counts) and high-count spun yarn (more than 80 counts). Cotton yarns of different counts will have different characteristics and uses when made into textiles.

The count refers to the thickness of the yarn, expressed in the imperial unit S, such as 60S, also called 60.

Generally speaking, the higher the count, the finer the yarn, the thinner, softer and more comfortable the fabric, and the more expensive it is.

The count also reflects the quality and craftsmanship of the fabric. High-count fabrics require high-quality cotton and advanced textile technology to be produced.

Count is not the only criterion for measuring the quality of fabrics. Factors such as fabric material, density, printing and dyeing process, brand, and safety standards must also be considered.

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What are the uses of 40-count, 60-count, and 80-count cotton?

Cotton count 40 is an ordinary spun yarn. It is characterized by soft feel, moisture absorption and breathability, good durability, not easy to pill, not easy to deform, not easy to fade. Cotton count 40 is suitable for making daily necessities, such as bed sheets, quilt covers, pillowcases, bath towels, bathrobes, etc. The price of 40-count cotton is relatively low and cost-effective, making it a common choice among consumers.

Cotton count 60 is an ordinary spun yarn, which is characterized by a more delicate feel, softer luster, better moisture absorption and breathability, stronger durability, less pilling, lower deformation, and less fading. Cotton count 60 is suitable for making high-end supplies, such as hotel supplies, wedding supplies, gift supplies, etc. The price of 60-count cotton is relatively high, but the quality is also better. It is the first choice for consumers who pursue quality life.

Cotton count 80 is a high-count spun yarn. Its characteristics are extremely smooth to the touch, extremely bright, excellent moisture absorption and breathability, extremely durable, almost no pilling, almost no deformation, and almost no fading. Cotton count 80 is suitable for making top-grade supplies, such as luxury goods, brand-name products, collectibles, etc. The price of 80-count cotton is very expensive, but the quality is also very excellent. It is the dream of consumers who pursue the ultimate enjoyment.

What is the relationship between cotton count and yarn density?

Cotton count and yarn density are two different concepts, but they both affect the quality and characteristics of cotton fabrics. The cotton count refers to the thickness of the yarn, expressed in the imperial unit S, such as 60S, also called 60 count. The higher the count, the finer the yarn, the thinner, softer and more comfortable the fabric, and the more expensive it is. Cotton yarn density refers to the number of warp and weft yarns arranged per square inch, also called warp and weft density. The higher the density, the thicker, stronger and more durable the fabric is, and the higher the amount of yarn used.

There is a certain relationship between cotton count and yarn density. Generally speaking, the higher the count of yarn, the higher the density of the fabric can be woven. For example, high-density fabrics such as 300 threads/square inch, 400 threads/square inch, and 600 threads/square inch all require high-count yarns. However, count and density are not directly proportional. The density of yarn with the same count will also vary due to factors such as weaving technology, material, printing and dyeing. Therefore, when choosing cotton fabrics, you should not just look at the count or density, but also consider other factors, such as feel, gloss, elasticity, safety, etc.

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FH230-D electric overfeed hank to cone winding machine

In short, the higher the cotton count, the better it is not necessarily. Cotton textiles of different counts have different characteristics and uses. Consumers should choose appropriate products based on their needs and preferences when purchasing. Cotton count 40 is the most practical count, cotton count 60 is the most balanced count, and cotton count 80 is the most luxurious count.